In an interview with Lusa, André Ventura addressed the plan to create a single personal income tax – which is included in the Chega programme – proposing a 15% rate, despite admitting "other hypotheses" and "solutions", such as a rate of 10%.
According to the leader of Chega, the idea should be implemented in two legislatures, with a transitional period that "possibly begins with three levels, then to two, then to one".
Asked about the impact that a measure of this nature could have in terms of social justice - according to the IRS retention tables for 2022, a person with a salary of 900 euros and two dependents currently pays 31.5 euros of personal income tax, while a person in the same situation with a salary of 5,000 euros, pays 1,565 euros; with a rate of 15%, they would pay 135 euros and 750 euros respectively – the leader of Chega replied that, “in tax reform, there are always levels of lanes that eventually pay, or can pay, a little more, but it's not very significant in most cases”.
Recognizing, however, that for people whose incomes are between 800 and 1100 euros a month, there could be "some increase", Ventura considered that this "has to be compensated with the increase in deductions" in health and education.
According to André Ventura, the main beneficiaries of this measure would be the middle class, which would have a "fair rate", predicting that the cost of this tax reduction would be 1% of GDP, which could decrease to 0.5% of GDP due to the gain “in efficiency and less tax fraud”.