Venezuela’s failure

With regard to the report between 1st April and 31st July 2017 on human rights violations in the context of mass protests in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, there is an increasingly critical human rights situation since the protests began, with mounting levels of repression of political dissent by national security forces, and increasing stigmatisation and persecution of people perceived as opposing the Government of President Maduro. OHCHR documented extensive violations of human rights by national authorities in the context of country-wide demonstrations aimed at curbing any type of anti-government protests. OHCHR found that security forces systematically used excessive force and arbitrarily detained protesters. Patterns of ill-treatment, in some cases amounting to torture, and serious violations of due process rights of persons detained in connection with the protests by Venezuelan authorities were also documented.

Syria’s failure

This report focuses on women and girls' lack of access to education, as well as their lack of access to healthcare, including care specific to victims of gender-based violence. It also illustrates the unavailability of protection and justice for women and girls in the face of ongoing gender-based violence, including sexual violence, forced and early marriage, and "honor" crimes. In addition, it describes how women are discriminated against under Syria's laws regarding nationality. International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law is against the use of weapons of mass destruction. They are a threat not only to international peace and security but against humanity itself.

Libya and Syria are typical examples of it nowadays. Mankind has experienced two world wars, and yet it seems that it does not realise what has happened, and that it has not learned from past mistakes. The responsibility of international organisations is a very difficult and highly controversial issue; there must be very specific and clear evidence, in order to have a chance to stand in front of the International Criminal Court for a case like the massacres and the cruel killings which took place in Syria. How many more victims do we still have to mourn?

In another article interviews reveal; headscarf issues as well as Kurdish conflict and the murder of Hrant Dink he has always been a target for and demonised by the Turkish government. In conclusion, the misuse/misinterpretations of human rights norms lead to more authoritarian regimes and ultimately to choose;

1- to stay in the country

2- adopt forced migration to freer countries.

Turkey’s position

The enjoyment of human rights in South-East Turkey is further undermined by violent attacks, such as killings or kidnappings, as well as acts of terrorism which, according to Government sources, have been committed by the Kurdistan’s Workers Party (PKK)5 targeting among others, members of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) in the region. The Government has reportedly responded by intensifying its military activity in the region, as well as by employing disproportionate security measures. This prevailing violence and insecurity is exacerbated by the political instability and deepening social divisions, and spurred on by the absence of any effective institutional platform to facilitate social dialogue in South-East Turkey.

According to families of victims killed in terrorism in Turkey especially in the east of Turkey, the bodies of an undetermined number of people were completely or partially destroyed in fire induced by shelling and the subsequent rushed demolition of the location of the incident. The subsequent demolition of the buildings destroyed evidence and has therefore largely prevented the basic identification and tracing of mortal remains. Moreover, instead of opening an investigation into the circumstances surrounding the reported excessive use of force,the local authorities accused the people who were killed of participating in terrorist organisations and took repressive measures affecting members of their families.

The Current Event in Turkey’s position 15th July

The report published in 2017 contains information on the situation of civil servants, judges and prosecutors, academics and military officers expelled from the press, judiciary, academia, military and many other government amen institutions following Turkey's declaration of a state of emergency after the coup attempt on July 15th, 2016. The membership of the discarded personnel in the Fetullahist Terrorist Organisation was determined and they were expelled from state institutions within the scope of ohal. However, this has been sharply criticised by Human Rights Watch and pressure has been created for the Western world to intervene in Turkey. The prolongation of detentions, the arrest of members of the press and the closure of press outlets, the arrest of judges and prosecutors of the judiciary, the fight against terrorism in southeastern Anatolia, allegations of torture of detainees have become the basis of the 2017 report. It has even pressed for the suspension of relations with the European Union, or at least for prioritising human rights issues in negotiations. The arrest of human rights defenders for FETÖ membership has been described as alarming. Human rights and human development are profoundly tied and lie at the heart of the states goals. It does not appear on only one place, rather, violation of human rights appears in every aspect of a country. So, governments should take precautions to prevent new events and regulates the existing ones. Each goal can best be achieved when we address the rights-related issues of equality, non-discrimination, participation, inclusion, accountability and social justice-as well as international solidarity and cooperation. This means that approaches to achieve the government’ goals must be based on human rights, with attention not only to develop results, but also to the ways in which the development is pursued.

Dr. Yasam Ayavefe

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