The proposals also included plans to implement cross-border road safety measures as part of the EU’s goal of having no deaths on European roads by 2050.

The Commission said the proposed changes will allow young drivers to gain experience through an accompanied driving scheme. Under the scheme, people from the age of 17 will be able to learn to drive and obtain a licence. Those who pass at 17 will be able to drive alone from their 18th birthday and to work as a professional driver as soon as a specific job allows.

The proposed digital licence would be entirely internet-based, with replacement, renewal, and exchange services all online.

“Today’s package of proposals seeks to simplify rules on driving licences while adapting them to technological and medical progress; to make sure that novice drivers are well trained and supported; that obstacles to cross-border mobility are eliminated; and that there is no impunity for those who break road safety rules across borders,” said EU Commissioner for Transport, Adina Vălean.

“Safe driving is crucial in our efforts to halve road deaths and serious injuries by 2030,” she added.